Solution Manual for Adjustment Computations: Spatial Data Analysis 6th Edition Ghilani

Solution Manual for Adjustment Computations: Spatial Data Analysis, 6th Edition, Charles D. Ghilani, ISBN: 1119385989, ISBN: 9781119385981

**Table of Contents**

1 Introduction 1

2 Observations and Their Analysis 13

3 Random Error Theory 39

4 Confidence Intervals 57

5 Statistical Testing 79

6 Propagation of Random Errors in Indirectly Measured Quantities 97

7 Error Propagation in Angle and Distance Observations 113

8 Error Propagation in Traverse Surveys 143

9 Error Propagation in Elevation Determination 163

10 Weights of Observations 179

11 Principles of Least Squares 193

12 Adjustment of Level Nets 225

13 Precisions of Indirectly Determined Quantities 245

14 Adjustment of Horizontal Surveys: Trilateration 257

15 Adjustment of Horizontal Surveys: Triangulation 283

16 Adjustment of Horizontal Surveys: Traverses and Horizontal Networks 313

17 Adjustment of GNSS Networks 343

18 Coordinate Transformations 389

19 Error Ellipse 419

20 Constraint Equations 443

21 Blunder Detection in Horizontal Networks 465

22 The General Least Squares Method and Its Application to Curve Fitting and Coordinate Transformations 497

23 Three-Dimensional Geodetic Network Adjustment 517

24 Combining GNSS and Terrestrial Observations 545

25 Analysis of Adjustments 565

26 Computer Optimization 577

Appendix A Introduction to Matrices 591

Appendix B Solution of Equations by Matrix Methods 607

Appendix C Nonlinear Equations and Taylor’s Theorem 619